A fontset is a list of fonts, each assigned to a range of character codes. An individual font cannot display the whole range of characters that Emacs supports, but a fontset can. Fontsets have names, just as fonts do, and you can use a fontset name in place of a font name when you specify the font for a frame or a face. Here is information about defining a fontset under Lisp program control.
function create-fontset-from-fontset-spec fontset-spec \&optional style-variant-p noerror
This function defines a new fontset according to the specification string
fontset-spec. The string should have this format:
Whitespace characters before and after the commas are ignored.
The first part of the string,
fontpattern, should have the form of a standard X font name, except that the last two fields should be ‘
The new fontset has two names, one long and one short. The long name is
fontpattern in its entirety. The short name is ‘
fontset-alias’. You can refer to the fontset by either name. If a fontset with the same name already exists, an error is signaled, unless
noerror is non-
nil, in which case this function does nothing.
If optional argument
style-variant-p is non-
nil, that says to create bold, italic and bold-italic variants of the fontset as well. These variant fontsets do not have a short name, only a long one, which is made by altering
fontpattern to indicate the bold and/or italic status.
The specification string also says which fonts to use in the fontset. See below for the details.
The construct ‘
charset:font’ specifies which font to use (in this fontset) for one particular character set. Here,
charset is the name of a character set, and
font is the font to use for that character set. You can use this construct any number of times in the specification string.
For the remaining character sets, those that you don’t specify explicitly, Emacs chooses a font based on
fontpattern: it replaces ‘
fontset-alias’ with a value that names one character set. For the ASCII character set, ‘
fontset-alias’ is replaced with ‘
In addition, when several consecutive fields are wildcards, Emacs collapses them into a single wildcard. This is to prevent use of auto-scaled fonts. Fonts made by scaling larger fonts are not usable for editing, and scaling a smaller font is not useful because it is better to use the smaller font in its own size, which Emacs does.
fontpattern is this,
the font specification for ASCII characters would be this:
and the font specification for Chinese GB2312 characters would be this:
You may not have any Chinese font matching the above font specification. Most X distributions include only Chinese fonts that have ‘
song ti’ or ‘
fangsong ti’ in the
family field. In such a case, ‘
Fontset-n’ can be specified as below:
Then, the font specifications for all but Chinese GB2312 characters have ‘
fixed’ in the
family field, and the font specification for Chinese GB2312 characters has a wild card ‘
*’ in the
function set-fontset-font name character font-spec \&optional frame add
This function modifies the existing fontset
name to use the font matching with
font-spec for the specified
nil, this function modifies the fontset of the selected frame or that of
frame is not
t, this function modifies the default fontset, whose short name is ‘
In addition to specifying a single codepoint,
character may be a cons
(from . to), where
to are character codepoints. In that case, use
font-spec for all the characters in the range
character may be a charset (see Character Sets). In that case, use
font-spec for all the characters in the charset.
character may be a script name (see char-script-table). In that case, use
font-spec for all the characters belonging to the script.
character may be
nil, which means to use
font-spec for any character which no font-spec is specified.
font-spec may be a font-spec object created by the function
font-spec (see Low-Level Font).
font-spec may be a cons;
(family . registry), where
family is a family name of a font (possibly including a foundry name at the head),
registry is a registry name of a font (possibly including an encoding name at the tail).
font-spec may be a font name, a string.
font-spec may be
nil, which explicitly specifies that there’s no font for the specified
character. This is useful, for example, to avoid expensive system-wide search for fonts for characters that have no glyphs, like those from the Unicode Private Use Area (PUA).
The optional argument
add, if non-
nil, specifies how to add
font-spec to the font specifications previously set. If it is
font-spec is prepended. If it is
font-spec is appended. By default,
font-spec overrides the previous settings.
For instance, this changes the default fontset to use a font of which family name is ‘
Kochi Gothic’ for all characters belonging to the charset
(set-fontset-font t 'japanese-jisx0208
(font-spec :family "Kochi Gothic"))
function char-displayable-p char
This function returns
t if Emacs ought to be able to display
char. More precisely, if the selected frame’s fontset has a font to display the character set that
char belongs to.
Fontsets can specify a font on a per-character basis; when the fontset does that, this function’s value may not be accurate.