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22.17.8 Easy Menu

The following macro provides a convenient way to define pop-up menus and/or menu bar menus.

macro easy-menu-define symbol maps doc menu‚Äč

This macro defines a pop-up menu and/or menu bar submenu, whose contents are given by menu.

If symbol is non-nil, it should be a symbol; then this macro defines symbol as a function for popping up the menu (see Pop-Up Menus), with doc as its documentation string. symbol should not be quoted.

Regardless of the value of symbol, if maps is a keymap, the menu is added to that keymap, as a top-level menu for the menu bar (see Menu Bar). It can also be a list of keymaps, in which case the menu is added separately to each of those keymaps.

The first element of menu must be a string, which serves as the menu label. It may be followed by any number of the following keyword-argument pairs:

:filter function‚Äč

function must be a function which, if called with one argument‚ÄĒthe list of the other menu items‚ÄĒreturns the actual items to be displayed in the menu.

:visible include‚Äč

include is an expression; if it evaluates to nil, the menu is made invisible. :included is an alias for :visible.

:active enable‚Äč

enable is an expression; if it evaluates to nil, the menu is not selectable. :enable is an alias for :active.

The remaining elements in menu are menu items.

A menu item can be a vector of three elements, [name callback enable]. name is the menu item name (a string). callback is a command to run, or an expression to evaluate, when the item is chosen. enable is an expression; if it evaluates to nil, the item is disabled for selection.

Alternatively, a menu item may have the form:

   [ name callback [ keyword arg ]... ]

where name and callback have the same meanings as above, and each optional keyword and arg pair should be one of the following:

:keys keys‚Äč

keys is a string to display as keyboard equivalent to the menu item. This is normally not needed, as keyboard equivalents are computed automatically. keys is expanded with substitute-command-keys before it is displayed (see Keys in Documentation).

:key-sequence keys‚Äč

keys is a hint indicating which key sequence to display as keyboard equivalent, in case the command is bound to several key sequences. It has no effect if keys is not bound to same command as this menu item.

:active enable‚Äč

enable is an expression; if it evaluates to nil, the item is make unselectable.. :enable is an alias for :active.

:visible include‚Äč

include is an expression; if it evaluates to nil, the item is made invisible. :included is an alias for :visible.

:label form‚Äč

form is an expression that is evaluated to obtain a value which serves as the menu item’s label (the default is name).

:suffix form‚Äč

form is an expression that is dynamically evaluated and whose value is concatenated with the menu entry’s label.

:style style‚Äč

style is a symbol describing the type of menu item; it should be toggle (a checkbox), or radio (a radio button), or anything else (meaning an ordinary menu item).

:selected selected‚Äč

selected is an expression; the checkbox or radio button is selected whenever the expression’s value is non-nil.

:help help‚Äč

help is a string describing the menu item.

Alternatively, a menu item can be a string. Then that string appears in the menu as unselectable text. A string consisting of dashes is displayed as a separator (see Menu Separators).

Alternatively, a menu item can be a list with the same format as menu. This is a submenu.

Here is an example of using easy-menu-define to define a menu similar to the one defined in the example in Menu Bar:

(easy-menu-define words-menu global-map
"Menu for word navigation commands."
'("Words"
["Forward word" forward-word]
["Backward word" backward-word]))